This first youtube is 28 mins. and the Doping e Coli starts midway......about 15 mins. It's a must watch and then pass far and wide.
Frontiers: Doping e Coli youtube
Aspartame made from genetically modified e-coli youtube
"These alcohols are typically trace byproducts in fermentation," Liao said. "To modify an organism to produce these compounds usually results in toxicity in the cell. We bypassed this difficulty by leveraging the native metabolic networks in E. coli but altered its intracellular chemistry using genetic engineering to produce these alcohols."
The research team modified key pathways in E. coli to produce several higher-chain alcohols from glucose, a renewable carbon source, including isobutanol, 1-butanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol and 2-phenylethanol.
Foodborne illness of microbial origin continues to be a serious food safety problem worldwide. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has estimated1 that foodborne pathogens cause approximately 76 million illnesses and 5,000 deaths each year in the United States alone. At the present time, the leading causes of death due to foodborne bacterial pathogens are Listeria and Salmonella, followed closely by other foodborne pathogens such as Escherichia coli (E. coli O157:H7, in particular) and Campylobacter jejunii. Bacteriophages may provide a natural, non-toxic, safe, and effective means for significantly reducing or eliminating contamination of foods with specific pathogenic bacteria, thereby eliminating the risk, or significantly reducing the magnitude and severity, of foodborne illness caused by the consumption of foods contaminated with those bacteria. Intralytix has developed and is continuing to develop bacteriophage-based products targeting some of the deadliest foodborne bacterial pathogens, including L. monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7.
Listeria monocytogenes and ListShield™
Disease caused by L. monocytogenes (listeriosis) has one of the highest fatality rates (approximately 20%) among all foodborne bacterial diseases and, therefore, is of particular concern for human safety. Several outbreaks of foodborne listeriosis have been reported since 1980, when the bacterium was first associated with foodborne transmission. A variety of contaminated foods, including coleslaw, unpasteurized cheese, pasteurized milk, delicatessen meat, and other ready-to-eat (RTE) meat products have been reported to be sources of the etiologic agent. The high fatality rate associated with listeriosis caused the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Food Safety Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture to establish a “zero tolerance” for L. monocytogenes in RTE foods. However, eliminating L. monocytogenes from food processing plants has proved to be a very difficult task and foods contaminated with L. monocytogenes have continued to be important public health problem which have resulted in numerous food recalls.
Intralytix has developed a bacteriophage-based preparation, designated ListShield™, to reduce or eliminate the risk of foodborne listeriosis. The preparation consists of six naturally occurring bacteriophages isolated from the environment and exhaustively studied and carefully selected for inclusion in ListShield™ by Intralytix’s scientists. The preparation, when sprayed onto RTE foods, significantly reduces (usually by 100 to 1000-fold) contamination of those foods with L. monocytogenes. ListShield™ is an all-natural product, and media and components of animal origin are not used during its preparation. Also, it does not contain preservatives or known, potentially allergenic substances (wheat, milk, soy, etc.), and it does not alter the general composition, taste, odor or color of foods. On 18 August 2006, the FDA approved ListShield™ as an additive for RTE foods (21 CFR §172.785). At the present time, Intralytix is the only company in the world to have received FDA approval for using a bacteriophage-based preparation as a food additive. Intralytix considers ListShield™ to be one of the safest and most environmentally friendly natural products for significantly reducing the risk of foodborne human listeriosis due to the consumption of contaminated RTE foods.
ListShield™ is a Star K-certified kosher product and can be used on all foods without affecting their kosher designation.
Escherichia coli O157:H7 and EcoShield™
E. coli O157:H7 is a significant contributor to foodborne illnesses worldwide. It has been estimated to cause approximately 62,000 cases of foodborne disease/year (and ca. 1,800 foodborne illness-related hospitalizations/year) in the United States alone, at an annual cost of ca. 0.7 billion dollars.
Intralytix has developed a new phage-based product, designated EcoShield™, which is effective against E. coli O157:H7. Similar to ListShield™, EcoShield™ is 100% natural, and it does not contain preservatives or any known, potentially allergenic substances. The product is highly effective in reducing contamination of various foods (e.g., ground beef, fruits, vegetables, etc.) with E. coli O157:H7, thus providing a much-needed modality for significantly reducing or eliminating contamination of various food products with the bacterium.
EcoShield™ is a Star K-certified kosher product and can be used on all foods without affecting their kosher designation.
1. Mead, P. S., Slutsker, L., Dietz, V., McCaig, L. F., Bresee, J. S., Shapiro, C., Griffin, P. M., and Tauxe, R. V., Food-related illness and death in the United States, Emerg Infect Dis 5 (5), 607-25, 1999.
2. Buzby, J. C., Children and microbial foodborne illness, Food Review 24, 32-37, 2001.
Viral Meat Spray
FDA Oks Spray-On Virus Additives for Meat
Written by Rita Jenkins| 20 August, 2006 04:38 GMT
The FDA has approved a spray-on mixture of bacteria-killing viruses as additives to cold cuts, wieners and sausages to destroy Listeria microbes, which kill hundreds of people in the US each year. The latest US-approved additive to ready-to-eat lunchmeat and poultry products is a combination of six bacteriophages -- parasitic viruses that destroy the Listeria monocytogenes bacterium, which sickens thousands and kills hundreds of people each year.
The Food and Drug Administration on Friday declared the virus mix safe to spray on such foods as cold cuts, hot dogs, sausages, sliced ham and turkey prior to packaging.
Foods like these are especially vulnerable to Listeria because they are often not reheated prior to consumption, explained Andrew Zajac of the FDA's Office of Food Additive Safety. Cooking meat kills the Listeria bacterium, but foods can become contaminated after processing.
The FDA's approval of the mixture -- the first time viruses have been approved for use as a food additive -- is a "huge milestone" in the fight against food-borne illnesses, said John Vazzana, chief executive officer of Intralytix. Pregnant women, newborns and adults with weakened immune systems are especially vulnerable to listeriosis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has estimated that 2,500 people become seriously ill with the infection each year, and 500 ultimately die from it.
Bacteriaphages are grown in a preparation of the same bacteria they are designed to kill, and then purified.
According to Intralytix, typical phages have hollow heads that store their viral DNA and tunnel tails with tips that bind to specific molecules on the surface of their target bacteria. The viral DNA is injected through the tail into the host cell, where it directs the production of progeny phages.
These "young" phages burst from the host cell, thereby destroying it, and go on to infect more bacteria. The viruses will not kill any organism other than their target bacteria.
Prior to issuing its approval, the FDA was concerned that the virus preparation might contain toxic residues associated with the bacteria. Tests found no residues present, however. In small quantities, such residues would be unlikely to cause any health problems, the FDA said.
Salem News GM Foods
Our United States Bill of Rights prohibits the federal government from depriving any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law. Wikipedia defines Liberty as a concept of political philosophy and it identifies the condition in which an individual has the right to act according to his or her own willl. Has this not taken place against our will?
From Monsanto’s Web Site: “Our Human Rights Policy is guided by the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, which provides the most widely recognized definition of human rights… Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world; Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people; Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law…”
Author's note: Little of this information that I’m sharing with you is new. This debate has gone on for at least two decades. In mainstream media it has received very little coverage, because typically they are guided by advertising dollars. Food manufacturers have plenty of that. This article was written using a compilation of the research, which is diligently noted below. As a consumer, there is something you can do about it. Your dollar says it all. Think about what you buy. Below is a shopping list put out by the Center for Food Safety to help you determine what may or may not contain genetically modified foods products or ingredients?
Recent Victories - Center for Food Safety Victories/v